The Druids had been an ancient order of Celtic priests in the societies of Western Europe, Britain and Ireland. The Celtic Druids served their communities by combining the duties of seer, priest, poet, philosopher, historian, scholar, teacher, medical doctor, astronomer and astrologer. The Celts had created a extremely sophisticated religious technique, with 3 divisions of guys who had been held in exceptional honor the lowest division had been referred to as the Ovates, the second division had been referred to as the Bards and then the Druids. The ovates had been the healers and seers the bards memorised the songs, poems, and stories of the tribe (historians) whilst the druids taught moral philosophy and had been specialists in the workings of all-natural science.
The Celtic Druids had been advisers to the rulers of that time, acted as judges in the occasion of disputes, supervised executions and even controlled the legal technique. They had been held in such respect that if they intervened involving two armies they could quit the battle. The Druid priests and priestesses acted as mediums by means of which the spirits could be summoned and heard, with rituals all through the history of the Celtic Druids becoming enacted in sacred groves of oak trees and circles of standing stones
The very first surviving and fullest account of the druids and their religion is that provided by Julius Caesar in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico, book VI, written in Gaul in 59-51 BC. All round, not a lot can be mentioned of the druids with assurance as the sources of data about them is restricted. Nevertheless they continued to function prominently in later sources of Irish myth and literature. As a result, the history of the Celtic Druids presents a lot of obscurities and our most important literary sources date back to the 2nd century BC with Pliny and The Commentaries of Caeser.
“The principal point of their doctrine”, Caesar wrote, “is that the soul does not die and that right after death it passes from a single physique into a different.”
“With regard to their actual course of research, the most important object of all education is, in their opinion, to imbue their scholars with a firm belief in the indestructibility of the human soul, which, according to their belief, merely passes at death from a single tenement to a different for by such doctrine alone, they say, which robs death of all its terrors, can the highest kind of human courage be created. Subsidiary to the teachings of this most important principle, they hold a variety of lectures and discussions on astronomy, on the extent and geographical distribution of the globe, on the unique branches of all-natural philosophy, and on a lot of difficulties connected with religion”. – Julius Cesar, “De Bello Gallico”, VI, 13
Just after the very first century BC the continental druids disappeared totally and had been referred to only on really uncommon occasions. Nevertheless, there is some proof that the druids of Ireland survived into the mid- to late-seventh century. In the De Mirabilibus Sacrae Scripturae of Augustinus Hibernicus, there is mention of regional magi who teach a doctrine of reincarnation in the kind of birds.
Throughout the very first millennium, Celtic and Druid spirituality was preserved by the Christian clerics who performed the important service of recording a lot of of the stories and myths by which the oral teachings of the Druids had been conveyed. Folks who feel that Druidry was destroyed with the coming of Christianity fail to realize the resilience of spiritual teachings when they are encoded in myths and stories: and it is thanks to the clerics' recording of these tales that we can be inspired by them these days. St Patrick also recorded all of the old Druid laws in Ireland – giving us with invaluable data on the ethics and social structure of Celtic Druid culture.
DRUID'S CIRCLES A Druid's Circle is a well-liked name for circles of standing stones such as Stonehenge, which is the most well-known instance. These are also identified as the “Temples of the Druids”. Wonderful mounds of earth had been also constructed exactly where the practice of in search of rebirth inside the Earth was performed (in which initiates would sit in darkness awaiting the time of their rebirth). The greatest instance of this is identified at New Grange in Ireland, exactly where a shaft is oriented to the Winter Solstice sunrise, so that the dawn rays can bathe the initiate in sunlight right after his or her vigil by means of the evening.